Southern Cone

The ‘Southern Cone’ is the geographic region which is composed of Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay.  As much as a distinct geographic region, the culture in the southern cone is uniquely patterned both vis-a-vis northern South America and between the four countries themselves.

Southern Cone courtesy of Views of the Earth (

Chile lies between the snowcapped Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.  It is a fertile strip of land which is as long as the United States is wide.  As in the rest of South America, the people in Chile speak Spanish, but a dialect that lives the geographic distinction that is seen in the Atacama desert, Andes Mountains, and Patagonian Fjords.  For a study of how to survive the ‘Chilean language’ see Brennan and Taboada.